André De Shields Billy Porter performs at the Broadway Inspirational Voices Gala(Photo: SubUrban Photography) Star Files Producer Brian Moreland and Phylicia Rashad. (Photo: Valerie Terranova) Kristin Chenoweth performing at the gala. (Photo: SubUrban Photography) View All (5) View Comments The stars were singing out on March 2, as they gathered to celebrate the Broadway Inspirational Voices choir at its annual gala and live auction at the Edison Ballroom. Among those in attendence were Tony winners Billy Porter, Kelli O’Hara, André de Shields, Renee Elise Goldsberry, Phylicia Rashad and Kristin Chenoweth. The honoree of the night was Disney Theatrical Productions for their commitment to diversity and inclusion; Disney Theatrical’s president Thomas Schumacher was there to accept the Inspiration Award. See photos from the red carpet and the gala concert below. Kristin Chenoweth Billy Porter Broadway Inspirational Voices’ board vice-chair Cynthia Vance, founder Michael McElroy, board chair Schele Williams and Disney Theatricals’ Thomas Schumacher. (Photo: Valerie Terranova) Kelli O’Hara Renée Elise Goldsberry Norm Lewis and Renee Elise Goldsberry introduce a performance (Photo: SubUrban photography)
In the wake of nationwide protests against police brutality, the Shawnee council, mayor and police chief on Monday reaffirmed the police department’s commitment to serve and protect while adhering to the highest standards of professionalism, including using de-escalation tactics and minimal force when arresting suspects.Lately, residents have asked city leaders about the policies and conduct of Shawnee police officers. Mayor Michelle Distler broached the subject “in light of the current situation.”“I’m incredibly proud of the proactive work our Shawnee Police Department does every day to treat everyone with respect while serving with purpose and care, and we’re committed to equal rights and fair treatment for all individuals,” Distler said, noting her appreciation for the work of peaceful protesters last weekend in front of city hall. “I know sometimes in Shawnee, because we have set the bar so high, we sometimes don’t realize how low it can be in other communities.”Sam Larson, the city of Shawnee’s new chief of police. Larson said all police officers are trained in de-escalation.Other councilmembers echoed the mayor’s comments in support of the police department. Councilmember Lisa Larson-Bunnell also asked about the department’s stance toward the #8CantWait campaign, a project by Campaign Zero that calls for eight policies such as banning chokeholds, requiring de-escalation and exhausting all alternatives before shooting.Chief Sam Larson said the police department adheres to the standards of the campaign with some caveats. The department requires officers to use a minimal amount of force when arresting someone, to give a warning before shooting, and to exhaust all alternatives before shooting. Shawnee does not train officers on chokeholds and bans shooting at moving vehicles “except as a last resort,” he added.If officers are in a deadly force situation, “we don’t want to restrict them if their life is on the line, we want them to do whatever they need to do to protect themselves or somebody else,” Larson said.Below is a reference guide of the Shawnee Police Department on the #8CantWait campaign:Larson said he is also exploring the idea of establishing a community involvement board, which would be tasked with formally reviewing complaints against the police department.In the meantime, the police chief’s goal is to get 100% of the city’s police forces trained in crisis intervention within the next two years. Crisis Intervention Team training is a 40-hour course with Johnson County Mental Health and the Kansas Law Enforcement CIT Council, Larson said, noting that the training will provide officers with the tools to work with people in emotional crises.“The goal of the CIT training is to reduce dangerous confrontations between citizens in crisis and law enforcement officers, and reduce recidivism and arrests by diverting individuals with mental illness to appropriate community mental health providers,” Larson said.At least 60 Shawnee police officers have attended crisis intervention training, and 13 more were supposed to attend this year but cannot because the training was canceled due to COVID-19.In an email after the meeting, Larson said he does not support initiatives to “fully defund police” and to “divest from police.”A few additional statements from Distler on the Shawnee Police Department:The Shawnee Police Department is accredited with the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies.The department’s policies are reviewed annually by an outside entity.Shawnee police officers collect demographic data in written warnings and citations, and supervisors review reports where resistance occurred.All police officers wear body cameras, and all patrol cars have in-car video systems.Officers also receive about 160 hours of training annually, including for de-escalation and racial biased-based training. Racial profiling is prohibited by state law and internal policy.The department has a full-time mental health co-responder from Johnson County Mental Health to assist with crises.
Homeless teen turned Stanford grad to keynote Foundation dinner Homeless teen turned Stanford grad to keynote Foundation dinner June 1, 2015 Regular News At 16, Leonardo Leal was nearly resigned to abandoning his college dreams and returning to his native Mexico, but today, at 22, he is about to get his diploma from Stanford University and has accepted a job with Shell Oil. Less than two weeks after his June 14 graduation, Leal will share his story at The Florida Bar Foundation’s annual dinner in Boca Raton, to be held in conjunction with The Florida Bar Annual Convention. Sharing the spotlight with him June 25 will be José Manuel Godínez Samperio, whose own immigration status complicated his path to becoming an attorney at Gulfcoast Legal Services, the organization that helped Leal overcome the legal hurdles that almost prevented him from getting to Stanford.Leal turned to legal aid after his stepfather kicked him out of his family’s cramped mobile home in Bradenton for refusing to quit school and go to work. Essentially on his own and without a home, he thought he was out of options, in spite of having an academic record worthy of the Ivy League. He thought undocumented kids couldn’t go to college. Little did he know that U.S. law had a special provision for immigrant children who have been abused or neglected – that there was, in fact, a solution.Then Leal met Adriana Dinis, a legal aid attorney supported by a Florida Bar Foundation Children’s Legal Services grant. She explained to him his legal rights and helped him become a permanent resident. With a green card and a full scholarship, Leal, who majored in economics, French, and Chinese, was able to study in Paris and Beijing and complete an internship at VISA. His plans now are to work for a couple of years, after which he hopes to attend graduate school at Harvard and pursue a career in management consulting.“Just four years ago, I had no direction. I was really lost,” Leal said. “Starting school at Stanford really changed everything. My life has changed 180 degrees. It’s about to change even more. There is no telling how far I can get.”He realizes he wouldn’t have the same career opportunities if he had remained undocumented.“I honestly had no idea I had rights at all,” Leal said. “What you see on TV, it’s all about the calamity that undocumented people have to face. Were it not for legal aid, I probably would have never known I had rights. That has made all the difference.”Help was available to Leal in 2010 through Gulfcoast Legal Services’ GLS CHILD project, which at the time was one of 23 Children’s Legal Services projects around Florida that received a combined $2.2 million in Florida Bar Foundation grants. Today, because of the impact of near-zero interest rates on revenue from Florida’s Interest on Trust Accounts Program, the Foundation can only provide $926,378 in Children’s Legal Services grants and has, therefore, reduced the number of grantees to 13.But there is a silver lining, thanks to Florida lawyers.Support from members of The Florida Bar has doubled from about $150,000 in 2010 to more than $300,000 in 2014 and now accounts for about a third of total Florida Bar Foundation Children’s Legal Services funding. Most lawyers who support legal representation and advocacy for Florida’s low-income children do so through a voluntary contribution on their Florida Bar annual fee statement, although gifts can also be made directly to the Foundation by mail or online.The majority of projects focus on the legal needs of foster children and children who need access to medical, mental health, and special education services.The Florida Bar is hoping at least 7,000 Bar members will make a contribution this year, at any amount. That would be just over twice the number of contributors as last year. If that many attorneys invested the suggested $100 in Florida children, that would amount to $700,000 to support Children’s Legal Services projects.Florida Bar President-elect Ramón Abadin notes that one out of four Florida children lives in poverty.“Often, their needs go unmet because no one is there to protect their rights to services that would substantially improve their lives — services to which they are legally entitled,” Abadin said. “Together we can make sure our most vulnerable population — the children in our community — receive the justice they deserve.”To support The Florida Bar Foundation’s Children’s Legal Services grants, you can make a voluntary contribution on your Florida Bar annual fee statement or give online. To purchase tickets to the dinner at which Leal and Godínez Samperio will speak, visit www.FloridaBarFoundation.org/rsvp.
Gophers win 2 of 3 against BadgersSara Moulton had both wins during a weekend of bad weather.Jaak JensenMinnesota pitcher Sarah Moulton pitches during a double header against Madison on Sunday, April 7, 2013, at Jane Sage Cowles Stadium. Drew ClaussenApril 8, 2013Jump to CommentsShare on FacebookShare on TwitterShare via EmailPrintThe Gophers softball team had an up-and-down couple of days this weekend, but it ended on a high note.Minnesota (23-13, 6-3 Big Ten) took two of three games from rival No. 25 Wisconsin this weekend. The schedule was reconfigured after Friday’s postponed game because of snow and cold temperatures.The Gophers won the first game of the series 2-1 and split a doubleheader with the Badgers on Sunday afternoon.After a poor showing in Sunday’s first game, the Gophers rebounded in a strong way in the series finale. Minnesota used a three-run first inning and a five-run third to beat the Badgers 8-0.“After the first game, it was really a gut check for us,” junior pitcher Sara Moulton said. “People took some swings in the cages and we got mentally ready for the second game.”Moulton picked up her second win of the weekend Sunday. She was able to pitch aggressively because of the early three-run lead the Gophers spotted her.Moulton struck out seven Badgers players in five innings Sunday. Minnesota’s fifth through eighth batters in the lineup drove in all seven earned runs in Sunday’s second game. Sophomore Erica Meyer, sophomore Madie Eckstrom and senior Alex Davis each had two RBIs.In Sunday’s first game, Badgers pitcher Megan McIntosh tossed a no-hitter. Gophers freshman pitcher Nikki Anderson seemed to be cruising until Wisconsin used back-to-back home runs to score six runs in the third inning.“Things just didn’t go our way,” head coach Jessica Allister said.Allister said she was impressed with how the team used the half hour between games Sunday to mentally prepare itself for the second.Minnesota won in walk-off style Saturday when senior Kari Dorle doubled home sophomore Tyler Walker in the bottom of the seventh inning.Saturday’s game was delayed by rain, which the Gophers have grown accustomed to.“Last year I think every game we played was rain delayed,” Allister said, adding that the she thought her team has handled the delays very well.
CyrusOne, a wholly owned subsidiary of Cincinnati Bell and data center colocation solutions provider, broke ground on the 57-acre parcel of land it purchased in Chandler last fall for a 1 MSF Massively ModularTM data center.It was the second data center to break ground in Chandler this week. NextFort Ventures, a provider of energy-efficient modular data centers, also broke ground on a new data center.“We are confident that CyrusOne’s innovative design paired with the excellent operating environment the Phoenix market offers, is an ideal combination for delivering the high-density, mission critical solutions we’ve become known for, at a scale unmatched by our competitors,” said Kevin Timmons, chief technology officer, CyrusOne.“In total we’re delivering a cost-competitive alternative for our California clientele looking to secure company data away from the earthquakes and other natural disasters experienced there.”Planned for completion in 1Q 2013, the data center is expected to become the largest of its kind in the country with 110 megawatts of power capacity, delivered from a substation to be built on the property. JE Dunn Construction Company is the general contractor and Patrick Hayes Architecture will handle the design.The company’s Massively ModularTM design delivers energy optimization and just-in-time inventory to meet customer demand.“While Phoenix has a longstanding history of corporate data centers and disaster recovery environments, it is now truly maturing into one of the top data center markets in the country with the addition of national colocation operators like CyrusOne,” said Mark Bauer, managing director of Jones Lang LaSalle’s Data Center Solutions Group. “Over the next year, the market will experience increased competition as it continues to be a favorable marketplace for users looking for colocation space.”The Massively ModularTM approach enables CyrusOne to commission large data center facilities in approximately 16 weeks, beating the deployment capabilities of the data-center-in-a-box solutions currently being marketed.“We are differentiating ourselves in how we bring our products to market, and with the products themselves. In comparison to other facilities in Phoenix, the immense scale and modularity of CyrusOne’s facility delivers unmatched economic benefits to customers. Its location with respect to power and fiber infrastructure access ensures customer confidence, and the best-in-class office space keeps our customers comfortable while they work, including amenities such as an espresso bar,” Timmons said. “There’s nothing else like it in the industry.”The groundbreaking comes on the heels of an industry peer review session the CyrusOne executive team hosted in late April. There were interactive sessions with the general contractor, architecture firm, and CyrusOne mechanical and electrical engineers engaged for the Chandler project, in an effort to further optimize the facility design plan.The CyrusOne facility was the second data center to break ground this week in Chandler.
Due to the great interest, an additional training will be held for holders and organizers of tourist facilities in nature in Split on May 5 and 6, 2016.Professional training organized by the Croatian Chamber of Commerce of the Tourism Sector and the Croatian Mountain Rescue Service called Training program for holders and organizers of tourist contents in nature it was previously held on March 16 and 17 in Zagreb, and on April 6 and 7 in Split. This training is conducted for members of the Association of Adventure Tourism at the Croatian Chamber of Commerce, and is free for all participants. The training will be led by HGSS instructor Mladen Mužinić.You can apply for training via the form below. The number of places is limited, so please register as soon as possible.Application form for the Adventure Tourism CommunityTraining program For all additional information, you can contact Ms. Sasa Zrnic on tel .: 01 / 4561-662 or e-mail: email@example.com.
LinkedIn Share on Facebook Email Share Pinterest The authors found the 12-month prevalence of alcohol use disorder under DSM-5 was 13.9 percent and the lifetime prevalence was 29.1 percent, representing approximately 32.6 million and 68.5 million adults, respectively. Only 19.8 percent of adults with lifetime alcohol use disorder sought treatment or help, while 7.7 percent of those with a 12-month alcohol use disorder sought treatment.Corresponding rates under the previous diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV) in the NESARC-III were 12.7 percent for a 12-month prevalence of alcohol use disorder and 43.6 percent for lifetime prevalence. Those rates were considerably higher than those from the 2001-2002 NESARC when the rates were 8.5 percent and 30.3 percent, respectively. The authors note more research is needed on the reason for the increase and on the discrepancies in rates.Current study results also show that:Prevalence of alcohol use disorder was highest for respondents who were men (17.6 percent 12-month prevalence, 36 percent lifetime prevalence), who were white (14 percent 12-month prevalence, 32.6 percent lifetime prevalence) and who were Native American (19.2 percent 12-month prevalence, 43.4 percent lifetime prevalence)Prevalence was also highest among respondents who were younger (26.7 percent 12-month prevalence, 37 percent lifetime prevalence) and who were previously married (11.4 percent 12-month prevalence, 27.1 percent lifetime prevalence) or never married (25 percent 12-month prevalence, 35.5 percent lifetime prevalence).Alcohol use disorders were associated with other substance use disorders, major depressive and bipolar I disorders, as well as antisocial and borderline personality disorders.“Most importantly, this study highlighted the urgency of educating the public and policy makers about AUD [alcohol use disorder] and its treatments, destigmatizing the disorder and encouraging among those who cannot reduce their alcohol consumption on their own, despite substantial harm to themselves and others, to seek treatment,” the study concludes. Alcohol use disorder as defined by a new diagnostic classification was widespread and often untreated in the United States, with a lifetime prevalence of 29.1 percent but only 19.8 percent of adults were ever treated, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.Alcohol use disorders are among the most prevalent mental health disorders worldwide, resulting in disability and contributing to illness and death. Because of the seriousness of alcohol use disorders, updated epidemiologic data are needed given the changes to the alcohol use disorder diagnostic criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). The changes in the diagnostic criteria included the elimination of separate abuse and dependence diagnoses, the combination of the criteria into a single alcohol use disorder diagnosis, the elimination of legal problems, the addition of craving to the criteria set, a diagnostic threshold of at least two criteria, and the establishment of a severity metric based on the criteria count.Researcher Bridget F. Grant, Ph.D., of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md., and coauthors provide nationally representative information on prevalence, co-existing illnesses, disability and treatment from the NIAAA 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC)-III. The total sample size was 36,309 adults. Researchers also assessed previous diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV) to examine changes in prevalence. Share on Twitter
A study published in Social Psychology Quarterly re-examines Stanley Milgram’s famous obedience experiments from the 1960s.Milgram’s experiment asked participants to administer electric shocks to a person who was trying to learn a task. The shocks weren’t real and the “learner” was really an actor. But despite the actors shouts of pain, many participants continued to administer what they thought were electric shocks of increasing strength.The new study examined audio recordings of 117 different participants from Milgram’s original experiment, and identified ways that both obedient and defiant participants resisted or attempted to resist the experiment’s authority figure. Share on Twitter Participants who defied the authority figure’s demand to administer shocks commonly used two conversational techniques: invoking the Golden Rule and letting the Learner decide. Those who invoked the Golden Rule felt empathy for the man being shocked and remarked that if they were in his position, they would want the experiment to stop. Other defiant participants turned to the man being shocked — rather than the authority figure — as the person who should decide whether the experiment should continue.Defiant and obedient participants both invoked self-oriented reasons to stop the experiment, such as claiming that continuing to administer shocks would put them at risk of legal action.PsyPost interviewed Matt Hollander of the University of Wisconsin-Madison about his research. Read his responses below:PsyPost: Why were you interested in this topic?Hollander: My interest in the Milgram experiment stems from my dissertation in sociology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. I started to read more about Milgram, and realized that although most of the audio recordings of his experiments were archived at Yale University few researchers had made a large scale study of them. After successfully applying for a grant from the National Science Foundation, I was able to purchase copies of 117 of these recordings and use them to study the details of language and social interaction in Milgram’s experiments on obedience to authority.What should the average person take away from your study?The general public remembers Milgram as demonstrating that ordinary people are likely to succumb to situational pressures in which authorities command them to do things that they believe are wrong. Milgram saw himself as demonstrating that, by controlled changes to situations, he could raise and lower rates of obedience; these variables include physical and psychological proximity (closeness) of the person receiving the pain/harm, location of person receiving orders in a chain of command, and gender of person receiving orders.In general, I’d like the non-specialist to take from my study the message that many of Milgram’s participants successfully resisted the authority figure, and that the particular practices they use (e.g., Golden Rule accounts, Letting the Learner Decide, etc) may prove powerful in a wide range of non-Milgram situations of toxic authority-subordinate relationships.Are there any major caveats? What questions still need to be addressed?There is currently a renaissance of interest in Milgram among social psychologists, historians, and others. We are realizing that we still lack adequate theorizing for understanding Milgram’s findings, and for understanding their relationship to real-world situations of malevolent authority-subordinate relationships, such as the Holocaust. Among the many remaining questions, I’d like to highlight those pertaining to how the participants themselves tried to justify their own obedience (and disobedience). These justifications appear in the immediately post-experimental interviews, which also appear on Milgram’s audio recordings in the Yale archive. I’m currently working on a paper that argues that studying these justifications is essential for any adequate theory of Milgramesque behavior.Is there anything else you would like to add?I’m excited to be researching Milgram’s experiments, perhaps the most (in)famous and influential in all of 20th century social psychology. I’m gratified that there is significant public interest in Milgram and in the work of researchers such as myself.In addition to Hollander, the study “Do Unto Others… ? Methodological Advance and Self- Versus Other-Attentive Resistance in Milgram’s ‘Obedience’ Experiments” was co-authored by Douglas W. Maynard. Share on Facebook Share Email Pinterest LinkedIn
LinkedIn A brain-computer interface that can decipher the thoughts of people who are unable to communicate could revolutionize the lives of those living with completely locked-in syndrome, according to a new paper publishing January 31st, 2017 in PLOS Biology. Counter to expectations, the participants in the study reported being “happy”, despite their extreme condition. The research was conducted by a multinational team, led by Professor Niels Birbaumer, at the Wyss Center for Bio and Neuroengineering in Geneva, Switzerland.Patients suffering from complete paralysis, but with preserved awareness, cognition, and eye movements and blinking are classified as having locked-in syndrome. If eye movements are also lost, the condition is referred to as completely locked-in syndrome.In the trial, patients with completely locked-in syndrome were able to respond “yes” or “no” to spoken questions, by thinking the answers. A non-invasive brain-computer interface detected their responses by measuring changes in blood oxygen levels in the brain. Share Pinterest Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Email The results overturn previous theories that postulate that people with completely locked-in syndrome lack the goal-directed thinking necessary to use a brain-computer interface and are, therefore, incapable of communication.Extensive investigations were carried out in four patients with ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease) –a progressive motor neuron disease that leads to complete destruction of the part of the nervous system responsible for movement.The researchers asked personal questions with known answers and open questions that needed “yes” or “no” answers including: “Your husband’s name is Joachim?” and “Are you happy?”. They found the questions elicited correct responses in seventy percent of the trials.Professor Birbaumer said: “The striking results overturn my own theory that people with completely locked-in syndrome are not capable of communication. We found that all four patients we tested were able to answer the personal questions we asked them, using their thoughts alone. If we can replicate this study in more patients, I believe we could restore useful communication in completely locked-in states for people with motor neuron diseases.”The question “Are you happy?” resulted in a consistent “yes” response from the four people, repeated over weeks of questioning.Professor Birbaumer added: “We were initially surprised at the positive responses when we questioned the four completely locked-in patients about their quality of life. All four had accepted artificial ventilation in order to sustain their life, when breathing became impossible; thus, in a sense, they had already chosen to live. What we observed was that as long as they received satisfactory care at home, they found their quality of life acceptable. It is for this reason, if we could make this technique widely clinically available, it could have a huge impact on the day-to-day life of people with completely locked-in syndrome”.In one case, a family requested that the researchers asked one of the participants whether he would agree for his daughter to marry her boyfriend ‘Mario’. The answer was “no”, nine times out of ten.Professor John Donoghue, Director of the Wyss Center, said: “Restoring communication for completely locked-in patients is a crucial first step in the challenge to regain movement. The Wyss Center plans to build on the results of this study to develop clinically useful technology that will be available to people with paralysis resulting from ALS, stroke, or spinal cord injury. The technology used in the study also has broader applications that we believe could be further developed to treat and monitor people with a wide range of neuro-disorders.”The brain-computer interface in the study used near-infrared spectroscopy combined with electroencephalography (EEG) to measure blood oxygenation and electrical activity in the brain. While other brain-computer interfaces have previously enabled some paralyzed patients to communicate, near-infrared spectroscopy is, so far, the only successful approach to restore communication to patients suffering from completely locked-in syndrome.
Jonnie WoodieCOMMUNITY News:Jonnie Woodie is a junior at NM Tech and is doing biomedical research with one of her professors on treating type 2 diabetes. Marcella Kee is a sophomore at UNM-Gallup who wants to inspire native youth as a teacher on the Navajo Nation. Both young women will be receiving scholarship aid from the Los Alamos-based Julie’s Helpers Memorial Scholarship, administered through White Rock Presbyterian Church.The scholarship honors the memory of Julie Meadows, a young mother and LANL employee who died of a brain tumor in 2009. Shortly before she was diagnosed, Julie participated in a mission experience with White Rock Presbyterian Church on the Navajo Nation. This experience left her with a desire to support Navajo women in their educational pursuits, as a way of positively impacting life on the reservation. Her family, church, friends and community have supported the scholarship for ten years, raising over $33,500 for 20 scholarships since 2011. Marcella KeeThis year, two awards are being made to women who exemplify Julie’s spirit of family devotion, strong work ethic, community service and educational achievement.$2500 Scholarship: Jonnie Woody – Jonnie is from Shiprock and has done volunteer work in the Philippines as well as on the campus of NM Tech in Socorro where she is a junior majoring in biomedical science. She comes from a large rural family, and due to the Covid19 pandemic she is currently out of a job. She has a 3.18 GPA and is passionate about helping Navajo tribal members manage and overcome type 2 diabetes, a disease which she herself has overcome through healthier habits, setting goals and using current technology. She plans to attend medical school and serve as a physician on the Navajo Nation, helping her people address generational trauma and disease through culturally sensitive practices. “I want to challenge the current relationship between western medicine and Native American people,” she stated in her scholarship application.$1000 Scholarship: Marcella Kee – Marcella will be a sophomore at UNM-Gallup, and she wants to inspire high school students on the Navajo Nation to attend college. She hopes to put supports in place to raise the high school graduation rate on the Navajo Nation. Even though her first year of college was different than she expected, she focused on her studies, used available resources and maintained a 4.12 GPA. She hopes to encourage other native high school graduates to do the same. She found time to volunteer at a tutoring center and was noted by her professors as being outgoing and collaborative. “Being a native educator gives other native students a way to connect with a teacher who can understand their background,” she said in her application.Scholarships are based on academic merit, dedication to serving the Navajo people and financial need. Donations are appreciated and can be made at julieshelpers.com or sent to White Rock Presbyterian Church, 310 Rover Blvd., White Rock NM 87547. More information about Julie Meadows, the scholarship application forms, past winners and photos can be seen at the scholarship website, julieshelpers.com.