Is viewing online pornography bad for your romantic relationships?

first_imgShare Email Share on Facebook The world of internet pornography is a pervasive and wide reaching technology, growing at a breathtaking rate. It is a $13 billion-a-year industry in the US. Nine out of 10 boys in America are exposed to it before the age of 18, and men are 543% more likely to be users than women. By 2017, over a quarter of a billion people will use mobile porn sites worldwide.With such an enormous audience, it is not possible to make generalisations about whether internet pornography is good or bad. Clearly, it’s a matter of perspective. Reviews have linked pornography consumption with positive effects such as increased sexual knowledge and more liberal sexual attitudes. But how does it shape our intimate relationships?British Prime Minister David Cameron has expressed concern that internet pornography could be warping ideas about sex and relationships, and scientific evidence in this area tends to support his view. Links between pornography consumption and intimate relationship problems (although data typically refer to heterosexual, monogamous relationships) are well established. LinkedIncenter_img Pinterest Share on Twitter Pornography consumption has been associated with increased marital distress, risk of separation, decreased romantic intimacy and sexual satisfaction, a higher chance of infidelity, and compulsive or addictive sexual behaviour. However, this does not automatically imply that internet pornography causes relational difficulties. Pornography consumption may equally be caused by them.But if consumption does dampen romantic intimacy then it will be important to understand how. Harvard Psychology Professor Deirdre Barrett has suggested that internet pornography is a version of what scientists call a “supernormal stimulus”. That is, an artificial exaggeration of the environmental factors from which we have naturally evolved to become sexually aroused.Instinctive behaviour across a range of species can be hijacked when researchers create supernormal versions of normal stimuli. For example, while a female bird’s natural instinct is to nurture her small, speckled eggs, she will abandon them when presented with the option of larger, more heavily patterned artificial exaggerations of her eggs. Over time, she will lose interest completely in the normal eggs, as though her instinct towards them has been overridden by the supernormal ones.In a similar (but more complex) way, internet pornography offers users a supernormal sexual experience. On one level, they become aroused by watching supernormal bodies having supernormal sex. On another level, they become accustomed to selecting these supernormal, virtual experiences from seemingly infinite options and have the possibility to refine, replay, pause, and rewind these virtual sexual experiences at will.A major concern for sex and relationship therapists and researchers is that real people’s responses to real sex can indeed be dampened by overexposure to virtual sex. In his TED Talk, The Great Porn Experiment, Gary Wilson discusses arguments and evidence in support of porn induced erectile dysfunction. He highlights issues such as a numbed pleasure response and addictive craving for “hits” of pornographic material in heavy users.Supernormal sex livesThe ways in which family life can be affected by these issues can be very powerful, too. A paper by sex therapist, Paula Hall, outlines the following typical case:Tim was a 36-year-old man, married with two children aged one and three. He initially presented with erectile dysfunction but detailed assessment revealed that he had no problems with erections to pornography which he was now accessing most evenings for three or four hours at a time.He was very aware that his pornography use was getting in the way of him having sex with his wife and realised he’d got himself into a Catch 22. Watching increasingly hard-core porn was making him feel numb when having sex with his wife, but because sex with his wife was now so difficult, he was watching even more porn. In fact, the only times he could get an erection with his wife now was if he fantasised about porn which left him feeling guilty and distant from her.Dampened responses to normal sex can result in intense feelings of guilt for users when sex with their partner isn’t as arousing as supernormal sex. There can also be attempts by users to make normal sex supernormal, either through fantasy or by manipulating reality.Studies have also documented a deep rooted breakdown in trust and attachment, connected to the fact that partners frequently experience pornography consumption as a deceptive form of betrayal and infidelity. In the above study, one wife described her husband’s use of pornography as indiscriminate, virtual philandering and said that she felt like “he’s had a million affairs.”Ultimately, as cultural anthropologist, Mizuko Ito, has suggested: “We have created these technologies but it’s not obvious how they evolve in and shape our culture.” Paradoxically, as connecting as technology may be, it is vital that we also understand and debate its role in creating and exacerbating disconnection.By Sam Carr, Lecturer in Education, University of BathThis article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.last_img read more

NEWS SCAN: H5N1 in Vietnam, journal dual-use review, Ebola in Uganda

first_imgAug 8, 2012H5N1 outbreaks hit three Vietnamese provincesSeveral villages in three Vietnamese locations have reported H5N1 avian flu outbreaks since the middle of July, according to reports yesterday and today to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). The report yesterday detailed five outbreaks in Ha Tinh province and one in Hai Phong province. The outbreaks, reported between Jul 16 and Aug 2, sickened 5,446 birds and led to the culling of 29,753 more. Today’s report described outbreaks in two Ninh Binh province villages that struck poultry in late July, killing 577 birds with 903 more culled to curb the spread of the virus. Ha Tinh is on Vietnam’s north central coast, Hai Phong is the country’s northeast region, and Ninh Binh is south of there in the Red River delta area.Aug 7 OIE reportAug 8 OIE reportSurvey: Few journal editors have experience with biosecurity reviewLess than 10% of editors of life science journals have experience with biosecurity review of submitted studies, even though three-fourths agree that editors have a role in assessing biosecurity risks during the review process, according to the results of a survey published yesterday in Biosecurity and Bioterrorism. US and UK researchers conducted an online survey of 127 chief editors of life science journals in 27 countries. Of those, 11 (8.7%) had experience with biosecurity review, and no editor had ever rejected a study on biosecurity grounds. Ninety-five respondents (74.8%) agreed that editors have a responsibility to consider biosecurity risks during review, the authors reported, adding that “little consensus existed among editors on how to handle specific issues in the review and publication of research with potential dual-use implications,” referring to research that could be used for both good and bad ends, such as two recent studies dealing with mutated H5N1 avian flu viruses. The authors called for standards on reviewing dual-use research of concern in life science journals.Aug 7 Biosecur Bioterror abstractPace of suspected cases slows in Uganda Ebola outbreakAs of yesterday, Uganda health officials have identified 60 suspected Ebola infections, and no new deaths have been reported, holding fatalities to 16, according to background information today from the World Health Organization (WHO). The numbers represent seven additional cases since the WHO’s last update, on Aug 3. So far the Uganda Virus Research Institute has confirmed 10 of the cases. Uganda’s health ministry, the WHO, and international partners have contained the outbreak and prevented it from spreading beyond Kibaale district, the report said. However, more support is needed to recruit more health workers and supplies to care for patients and underscore prevention efforts.WHO information on Uganda’s Ebola outbreaklast_img read more

Helium cutbacks to be less severe than initially predicted

first_imgSubscribe Get instant access to must-read content today!To access hundreds of features, subscribe today! At a time when the world is forced to go digital more than ever before just to stay connected, discover the in-depth content our subscribers receive every month by subscribing to gasworld.Don’t just stay connected, stay at the forefront – join gasworld and become a subscriber to access all of our must-read content online from just $270.last_img

Mercedes-AMG develops breathing aid

first_imgThe UCL-Ventura breathing aid, a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) device, helps Covid-19 patients with lung infections to breathe more easily, when an oxygen mask alone is insufficient.Such devices are in short supply in UK hospitals at the moment, so engineers at UCL and Mercedes-AMG worked round-the-clock to reverse engineer a device that could be manufactured rapidly by the thousands.From the initial meeting to production of the first device, it took fewer than 100 hours. Source: Mercedes-AMGAfter a UK Government order for up to 10,000, the devices are being produced at a rate of up to 1,000 a day at the HPP technology centre in Brixworth, Northamptonshire.Professor Rebecca Shipley, Director of UCL Institute of Healthcare Engineering, said, “These life-saving devices are relatively simple to manufacture and can be produced quickly.”“We hope that, by making the blueprints publicly available, they can be used to improve the resilience of healthcare systems preparing for the Covid-19 pandemic globally.”“My thanks goes to the brilliant engineers, business managers and team at UCLB who have come together and made this happen at a pace that would be considered unimaginable under normal circumstances.”last_img read more

Contract interpretation: Kookmin Bank vs Rainy Sky SA & others

first_imgTo continue enjoying Building.co.uk, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our community Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to building.co.ukBreaking industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Subscribe now for unlimited accesslast_img read more

CoA ruling makes parent companies liable for subsidiaries’ health and safety

first_img The businesses of the parent and subsidiary were the same. The parent had, or ought to have had, superior knowledge of health and safety. The subsidiary’s systems were unsafe as the parent company knew, or ought to have known. The subsidiary relied on the parent company for health and safety knowledge to protect employees. ‘Cape assumed a duty of care either to advise Cape Products on what steps it had to take in the light of knowledge then available to provide those employees with a safe system of work or to ensure that those steps were taken,’ said Arden. But the judge said her court was not attempting to ‘pierce the corporate veil’ and insisted a subsidiary and its company were still separate entities. The judgment has been hailed a groundbreaking case with far-reaching ramifications for UK and multinational companies with subsidiaries in developing countries. Vijay Ganapathy, senior solicitor in Leigh Day’s industrial disease department, who represented the claimant against Cape, said it was no longer possible for companies to ‘hide behind aged legal principles’ that assume parent companies have no responsibility for subsidiaries. He said: ‘This is of particular relevance in asbestos disease cases as many sufferers face insurmountable challenges in identifying and locating insurers for their former employers. ‘As parent companies are much more likely to survive over the decades it takes for asbestos disease to develop, it should give hope to those now suffering that past negligence will not go unpunished.’ Parent companies have a responsibility for the health and safety of their subsidiaries’ employees, the Court of Appeal has ruled in a groundbreaking case. The judgment comes after a retired factory worker successfully sued his former employer’s parent company after contracting asbestosis. Cape, which owned the now-defunct Cape Products, had appealed against the decision, arguing that the two companies should be treated as separate entities. Lady Justice Arden rejected that appeal last Wednesday, concluding there was a ‘direct duty of care’ owed by Cape to the employees of Cape Products. Arden said the original judgment met the required circumstances needed to prove the parent company could be held responsible. These were:last_img read more

Opposition speaks out against two proposed amendment bills

first_img Share Tweet Share Share The Opposition United Workers Party (UWP) is adamant about not letting the proposed amendments to the House of Assembly Elections Act and the Registration of Electors Act go through second and third readings during the current sitting of Parliament which commenced on Tuesday 23 May 2017. Protesters gathered outside the Dominica Water and Sewerage Company (DOWASCO) and the ACS 7/11 Supermarket in the vicinity of the Parliament Building on High Street and Opposition Leader Lennox Linton after walking into the crowd addressed them. “We went into the Parliament this morning for the purpose of bringing to the attention of the government the necessity of which the Bills which they have amend the House of Assembly Elections Act and to amend the Registration of Electors Act, that’s all we’ve been talking about for the past couple weeks,” Mr Linton told the protesters.Mr. Linton, members of his party as well as some members of the public have voiced concern with the amendments. House of Assembly Act (Elections Amendment) according to the Order Paper says the Act is amended by inserting the following new sections 57A, 57B and 57C immediately after section 57. Section 57B is the part of the proposed amendment that has been met with opposition, it states as follows “For the avoidance of doubt, the transportation of electors or the facilitation of the transportation of electors to or within Dominica for the purposes of an election does not constitute an offence unless the transportation is provided or facilitated with the intention or corruptly induce an elector to vote for a particular candidate for whom or party for which the elector would not otherwise vote”.Mr. Linton told his supporters, who congregated outside the Parliament building, that these amendments “will legitimize bribery and treating and stealing of elections in Dominica.”He added that, “After numerous attempts I was able to put the motion to the house, the motion has been denied because in a very perverse application of the rules the Speaker has determined that only somebody who puts a Bill before the House can remove the Bill…We see no authority in the rules for that ruling.”Linton told protestors that for the moment the motion to remove the proposed amendments to the House of Assembly Elections Act and the Registration of Electors Act has been unsuccessful. Mr Linton continued, “We are in the Parliament on your behalf and here you are outside the Parliament compound being pushed aside by the police officers who we’re told are doing their jobs…so the police are doing their jobs. What’s your job because somebody has to take the job of holding this government to account for the foolishness it is doing…You need to let your voice be heard to oppose the amendments before the House”.However Attorney General Levi Peter sought to bring clarification to the proposed amendments before Parliament last week during a town hall meeting in Goodwill. He said these allegations claiming that the prime minister and government are seeking to legitimize or legalize bribery and treating are untrue. Section 55 and Section 56 of the House of Assembly Elections Act which is found at Chapter 201 of the Laws of Dominica deal with the offenses of bribery and treating respectively.These two sections he said “sets out in quite convoluted terms what is bribery”. Section 55(1) reads “The following persons shall be deemed guilty of bribery within the meaning of this Act. (a) every person who directly or indirectly by himself or by any other person on his behalf gives, lends or agrees to give or lend or offers promises or promises to procure or to endeavor to procure any money or valuable consideration to or for any elector or to or for any person on behalf of any elector or to or for any other person in order to induce any elector to vote or refrain from voting or corruptly does any such act as mentioned above on account of any elector having voted or refrained from voting at any election.”Peter said the government has taken the decision and steps to amend legislation to bring a level of clarity to Section 55 (1) and so “Section 57 (A) of the amendment to the Act proposed sets out in clear terms certain activities or actions that will not be and cannot be bribery”.center_img Sharing is caring! 786 Views   9 comments LocalNews Opposition speaks out against two proposed amendment bills by: Dominica Vibes News – May 23, 2017last_img read more

KR Releases Faster Upgraded SeaTrust-HullScan

first_imgIACS member, Korean Register (KR) has significantly updated its SeaTrust-HullScan software to offer much faster operating speeds and many more functions.SeaTrust-HullScan V2 is a specific software package developed for the structural strength analysis of bulk carriers, double hull oil tankers, containers ships based on KR’s Rules and the Harmonized CSR.The latest version has been redeveloped following direct feedback from users in shipyards and design firms. Users rated the DSA (Direct strength assessment) highly, but the Rule aspects of the software have been upgraded. The updated software is more innovative, reduces design costs, increases user convenience, while quickly and accurately producing and evaluating data.SpeedThe software response speeds have been dramatically enhanced, SeaTrust-HullScan V2 is now much faster than the previous version. Importantly, the time needed to modify models and verify large amounts of data has been reduced and the time taken to calculate DSA Buckling and Fatigue is significantly faster.Fine MeshKR has developed a new function to simplify and enhance the creation of high-quality fine mesh using a FE (Finite Element) automatic model creation for Fine Mesh and Very Fine Mesh. The new software can now create an FE model with a single click for locations that require intensive modeling such as openings, brackets and slots. The Sub Modeling function now offers faster, more accurate finite element analysis too.Rule CalculationKR has enhanced user convenience by improving the functions for the generation of longitudinal members and the definition of the compartments. The rule calculations are faster and easier when creating a transverse member model for plane bulkhead, corrugated bulkhead and web sections. In addition, through the development of a model interface for NAPA STEEL which is used in domestic and overseas shipyards, rule calculations and direct strength evaluations can now be performed using accurate 3D shape models of ships.ReportSeaTrust-HullScan V2 provides an automatic report function for the rule calculation and direct strength assessment. The user can specify the items to be included in the report and screen status, and can modify the order and caption. Furthermore, through the provision of an auto report function for Buckling and Fatigue, the user can reduce the number of reports.Dr. Kim Chang-wook, Executive Vice President and head of KR’s technical division, says, “SeaTrust-HullScan V2 has been developed and tested by the shipyards and design companies.  This significantly improved version demonstrates KR’s efforts to support better ship and offshore structure design through the provision of fast and accurate software.”Sea News, May 22 Author: Priyanka Ann Sainilast_img read more

Farmington market celebrates with Elks Corn Roast, POP

first_img Farmington Voice Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window) During a week that recognizes farmers markets across the country, the Farmington Farmers and Artisans Market will celebrate with a fundraising corn roast, a children’s produce program, music, and more.Open Saturday, August 10, 9 a.m.-2 p.m., the market hosts the 13th Annual Elks Corn Roast, with Elks Club members serving up Michigan sweet corn for “a buck an ear.” Elk Steve Luce said the corn is soaked the day before and cooking starts as soon as the grill is fired up.(John Castine)“It’s a really cool thing,” he said. “We’ll sell about 500 ears of corn. We get great support from the farmers, they all donate the corn.”Because market vendors Fusilier Family Farms, Goetz Family Farms, and Gass Centennial Farm provide all that corn at no cost, funds go directly to the club’s work in the community, providing scholarships, programs for veterans, and camp experiences for kids with disabilities, Luce said.There will be half a dozen volunteers at the Corn Roast tent, he added, noting that committee chair Rebecca Sockow and volunteer Kevin Goshorn go above and beyond to make it happen.Farmington Economic and Community Development Director Kevin Christiansen digs in at last year’s Elks Corn Roast. (John Castine)Corn and the market go hand-in-hand this time of year, Market Master Walt Gajewski said.“If there is one question I get asked the most, it’s ‘When will there be sweetcorn?’,” he said. “Well, there’s no better way to shout it out than a good old fashioned corn roast. Our farmers donate fresh-picked, pride of Michigan sweetcorn, and the Elks do what they do best… serve the community. I  can’t think of a better way to celebrate National Farmers Market Week!”The Farmers Market Coalition launched National Farmers Market Week to recognize the importance of markets to farmers, consumers, and communities. According to the organization’s website:”We call it our triple bottom line. Farmers earn fair prices for the fruits of their labor by selling directly to consumers. Consumers gain access to fresh, nutritious, local produce. Communities regain a figurative “town square,” experiencing the many positive outcomes of foot traffic and animated public space.”Saturday also marks the third Power of Produce (POP) day for kids ages 4-12, accompanied by a parent. At the POP booth, participants learn about fresh produce offered at the market and earn POP bucks that they can redeem with market growers.Look for 43 vendors this week at the Walter E. Sundquist Farmington Pavilion and Riley Park in downtown Farmington, along with STEM (Science Technology Engineering Math) activities hosted by the Warner Middle School robotics team. Local musician Larry Arbour will bring music to the market starting at 10 a.m., and Mayfair Co-op Preschool will run the Little Sprouts tent.Learn more about the market at farmingtonfarmersmarket.com Reported bylast_img read more

WV spikers drub Region 4-A in Nat’l PRISAA

first_imgThe WV tertiary women’s volleyball team cruised to victories over Region 2 (25-12, 25-10, 25-16) and Region 3 (25-10, 25-18, 25-18) at the Bicol Institute of Technology gym.In women’s softball at the HNU, the WV squad represented by Central Philippine University scored two lopsided victories over Region 7 (19-0) and Region 2 (12-0).In tertiary basketball at the HNU Covered Court, WV represented by Hercor College first scored a 111-65 victory over Bicol before following this up with 105-58 rout over Region 8./PN MANILA – Western Visayas’ (WV) secondary girls volleyball team stayed unbeaten in the PRISAA 2018 National Games after a 25-17, 25-20 sweep over Region 4-A at the Holy Name University Covered Court in Tagbilaran City, Bohol.Unlike in their first two victories, WV struggled to put away Region 4-A on Tuesday night before veterans Shane Carmona, Alyssa Bertolano, Kiesha Bedonia, and Marianne Sotomil took control of the game.“We are not that happy with the result,” Assistant Coach Biboy Calamba told Panay News. “Our players committed a number of avoidable errors. We have prepare harder of our next matches.”On the other hand, the WV secondary girls beach volleyball of Nohlin Jundana, Marixi Maligmat and Joan Doguna reached the quarterfinals round after splitting their two matches at the VDT Advanced Learning Center Campus.last_img read more