Due to the great interest, an additional training will be held for holders and organizers of tourist facilities in nature in Split on May 5 and 6, 2016.Professional training organized by the Croatian Chamber of Commerce of the Tourism Sector and the Croatian Mountain Rescue Service called Training program for holders and organizers of tourist contents in nature it was previously held on March 16 and 17 in Zagreb, and on April 6 and 7 in Split. This training is conducted for members of the Association of Adventure Tourism at the Croatian Chamber of Commerce, and is free for all participants. The training will be led by HGSS instructor Mladen Mužinić.You can apply for training via the form below. The number of places is limited, so please register as soon as possible.Application form for the Adventure Tourism CommunityTraining program For all additional information, you can contact Ms. Sasa Zrnic on tel .: 01 / 4561-662 or e-mail: email@example.com.
The International Conference “Cultural Route – Napoleon Destination” was officially opened in Orebic last night, attracting over 120 foreign participants from 13 European countries. Orebic so dignifiedly hosted a whole small world on the occasion of this conference and assembly.As Croatia is on the map of the route, the goal is to expand and implement the project in its area, and the first step is to hold a conference and annual meeting of Napoleonic cities and European areas where the cultural route has already been introduced. Otherwise, the European Cultural Route “Destination Napoleon” last year it was certified by the European Institute for Cultural Routes operating within the Council of Europe. The aim of these events is to activate the cultural-tourist route in the Republic of Croatia and to initiate and implement as many tourist entities and projects of cultural (tangible and intangible) heritage from areas rich in Napoleonic history.Photo: GITEpesh”The main goal of the conference is to detect and map all cultural paths, which pass not only through Croatia, but also through Slovenia, BiH and Montenegro. Cultural routes represent a different form of interactive and sensitive cultural tourism product. It opens the door to cultural tourism and the presentation of our rich history. Let Croatia and Orebic be an example to everyone of how important the heritage from the time of Napoleon is and how a rich heritage can be presented through a cultural and tourist product ” – said Dubravka Davidović, President of the Croatian Association for Tourist and Cultural Routes Tur Kultur, EFCN Coordinator for Croatia, and added that the “Cultural Route – Destination Napoleon” can develop tourism, but also local areas through which it enriches civilian life and culture. .The conference is of great importance through the realization of the potential of cultural tourism, detection of cultural routes and its implementation, because it is an important and rich history that brings us the influence of Napoleon Bonaparte in our region. Specifically, on Pelješac, with the arrival and influence of Napoleon, a large and branched road infrastructure was built, which still exists today and which is largely used for modern roads, standardized and introduced by the administration, as well as various other facilities that are still always in use.Dubravka Davidović President of the Croatian Association for Tourist and Cultural Routes Tur Kultur, EFCN Coordinator for Croatia / Photo: GITepeš”Napoleon is the second most wanted historical figure on the famous Google search engine, of course after Jesus Christ, which speaks volumes about the tourist potential of the entire cultural route, as well as Croatia, which to my great satisfaction joined our network of the European Federation of Napoleonic Cities.” – said Charles Bonaparte, President of EFCN, and added that Croatia has a great opportunity to present its wealth and history in a different and unique way through cultural tourism and the story of Napoleon. “What I saw in Croatia represents a great potential for the development of the Cultural Route – the destination Napoloen and we are certainly not accidental today in Orebic. Also, our goal is to expand and connect the entire Mediterranean route starting from Croatia. This represents a great tourist potential, not only for the development of the cultural route, but also for all other forms of tourism and historical treasures that Croatia can be proud of and present to the world. ” Bonaparte concludedWe can see the influence of Napoleon in Croatia, except on Pelješac and in Gorski kotar, Sisak, Karlovac, all the way to the border that separates New and Old Zagreb. On the other hand, cultural tourism globally accounts for 40 percent of international travel, and cultural heritage among tourists makes up a third of the motives for choosing and arriving in tourist destinations.Charles Bonaparte, President of EFCN / Photo: GITepešIn the strategic document for the development of Croatian tourism, cultural tourism is among the ten key tourism products in focus until 2020, and accordingly there is an Action Plan for Cultural Tourism at the level of the Ministry of Tourism, which speaks volumes about the importance and justification of the international conference “Cultural Route – Napoleon destination “.
From the beginning of the year to May 1, more than 1,72 million arrivals and 4,85 million overnight stays were realized, while in just three days of the May Day holidays, 9,7% of total arrivals and 11,8% of total overnight stays of domestic and foreign tourists were realized. so far this year.According to the data from the eVisitor system, the camping sector is from 1.1. to 2.5. realized this year 368.796 overnight stays, which is an increase compared to last year of 34,8%. In the same period, there were 110.783 arrivals, which means that the average length of stay was 3,3 days.Brochure of small camps “OK Mini Camps 2017” published and distributed in record circulation in SloveniaAnd this year, for free for small member camps, thanks to the activities of KUH, a brochure “OK Mini Camps” was published in Slovenian, and distributed in a record edition of as many as 22.000 copies. Prior to that, in the fall of 2016, KUH published the brochure “OK Mini Camps 2017” in 3 languages (English, Dutch and German), in a circulation of 13.000 copies, in cooperation with the small camps that covered the cost of printing, while distribution of KUH was ensured at all the most important fairs in all important emitting markets and through CNTB representative offices.However, KUH points out that there was no possibility of quality fair appearance and distribution through fairs and representative offices in Slovenia, in cooperation with Slovenian partners for the best small camps, the publication of the Slovenian brochure “OK Mini Camps 2017” was ensured, as a special and separately insert of the spring edition of the magazine Fokusplus, ie a special thematic issue “Camping & Caravanning”, which ensured the distribution of the entire edition in May 5, in a (for OK Mini) record edition – 2017 brochures that reached the magazine ( at least) the same number of Slovenian families.”OK Mini Camps” special supplement is made in such a way that it can be – as a self-bound / stapled edition with its own cover – taken out of the magazine and kept as a holiday guide in 2017 in the best small Croatian camps, so we are sure of exceptional promotional value of this project. ” points out Adriano Palman, director of the Croatian Camping Union (KUH)You can download the brochure: OK mini camps in Slovenian here
Istra Inspirit, jedna od najboljih turističkih priča u Hrvatskoj, ove godine ulazi u svoju šestu sezonu, koju otvaraju pričom ‘Morganovim blagom’ u Dvigradu – Općina Kanfanar, 04.06.2017. s početkom u 19 sati. Radi se o najuzbudljivijem Istra Inspirit doživljaju koji prikazuje dramatičnu priču o sakrivanju blaga jednog od najpodmuklijih gusara – onom Henry Morgana. Društvo mu opet prave njegovi gusari, koji će biti zaduženi za održavanje odlične atmosfere i još bolje zabave za posjetitelje na zidinama srednjovjekovnog Dvigrada. Režiju potpisuje Petra B. Blašković, a izvođačka ekipa sastavljenja je od glumaca, glazbenika i ostalih svestranih umjetnika. Doživljaj je zatvorenog tipa, namijenjen sadašnjim i potencijalnim budućim partnerima projekta te je organiziran u suradnji s Upravnim odjelom za turizam Istarske županije koji je ujedno i pokrovitelj događanja.Nakon Morganovog blaga, ljubitelji Inspirit doživljaja ove sezone moći će doživjeti ‘Iustitiu’ 11.07. u Poreču, ‘Spacio’ 18.07. u Rovinju, ‘Crispa’ 21.07. na Vižuli u Medulinu te ‘Vodnjanske štorije’ 10.08. u Vodnjanu. Svi doživljaji (osim ‘Spacia’ ) su besplatnog karaktera, zahvaljujući suradnjama s partnerima: Plava Laguna (‘Iustitia’), Turistička zajednica Općine Medulin (‘Crispo’) i Grad Vodnjan (‘Vodnjanske štorije’). Prošle godine započeta je uspješna suradnja s Turističkom zajednicom Općine Vrsar u sklopu Casanovafesta, koja će se nastaviti i ove godine s čak dvije suradnje i to u sklopu Casanovafesta, 16. i 17.06. te manifestacije Stari samanj, 23. i 24.06.Specifičnost ovogodišnjeg Casanovafesta je da se održava u starogradskoj jezgri Vrsara te da će posjetitelji otkriti tajno utočište najpoznatijeg svjetskog ljubavnika kao i uživati u otkrivanju ljubavnih pustolovina kroz povijest. U sklopu ‘Starog samanja’ koji se održava četvrtu godinu zaredom, Istra Inspirit će svojom glumom oživjeti neobična i stroga pravila nametnuta stanovništvu statutom porečkih biskupa iz 17. stoljeća.Ove sezone Istra Inspirit nastavlja i uspješnu suradnju s Valamar Rivierom te će se ponoviti uzbudljive šetnje otokom Sveti Nikola tijekom Poreč Open Air festivala (02.07., 09.07., 16.07., 23.07., 30.07., 06.08., 13.08. i 20.08.) u sklopu kojih posjetitelji imaju priliku otkrivati priče, mitove i legende iz bogate istarske povijesti. Osim suradnje s Poreč Open Air festivalom, ove sezone započinje suradnja i u sklopu Rabac Open Air festivala na kojem će Istra Inspirit zabavljati posjetitelje 29.07., 05.08. i 12.08.Related news:ONE OF THE BEST TOURIST STORIES IN THE WORLD – ISTRIA INSPIRIT, A STEP CLOSER TO ACHIEVING A LONG-TERM VISIONUNWTO MAKES ISTRIA INSPIRIT AMONG THE BEST TOURIST STORIES IN THE WORLD
Share on Twitter Pinterest “Decreased calorie intake usually motivates animals, including humans, to seek out high-calorie food. These findings suggest that loss of ESRRA activity may disrupt that response,” Lutter says.Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are common and severe mental illnesses. Lutter notes that although 50 to 70 percent of the risk of getting an eating disorder is inherited, identifying the genes that mediate this risk has proven difficult.ESRRA is a transcription factor – a gene that turns on other genes. Lutter and his colleagues previously found that a mutation that reduces ESRRA activity is associated with an increased risk for eating disorders in human patients. Although ESRRA is expressed in many brain regions that are disrupted in anorexia, almost nothing was known about its function in the brain. In the new study, published online April 9 in the journal Cell Reports, Lutter’s team manipulated ESRRA in mice to investigate the gene’s role in behavior.“This work identifies estrogen-related receptor alpha as one of the genes that is likely to contribute to the risk of getting anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa,” Lutter says. “Clearly social factors, particularly the western ideal of thinness, contribute the remaining ‘non-genetic’ risk, and the increasing rate of eating disorders over the past several decades is likely due to social factors, not genetics,” he adds.Through a series of experiments with genetically engineered mice, Lutter and his team showed that mice without the ESRRA gene have behavioral abnormalities related to eating and social behavior. In particular, mice without ESRRA show reduced effort to work for high-fat food when they are hungry. The mice also exhibited impaired social interaction and female mice without the gene show increased compulsive grooming, which may mimic obsessive-compulsive-type behavior in humans.In order to refine their understanding of the effects of ESRRA in the brain, the researchers selectively removed the gene from particular brain regions that have been associated with eating disorders. They found that removing the gene from the orbitofrontal cortex was associated with increased obsessive-compulsive-type behaviors in female mice, while loss of ESRRA from the prefrontal cortex produced mice that were less willing to work to get high-fat food when they were hungry.These new findings may point to particular neural circuits that could be targets to treat abnormal behaviors associated with eating disorders.“Mouse models of human neuropsychiatric illnesses are useful for identifying cellular and molecular abnormalities that might contribute to illnesses like eating disorders,” Lutter says. “They are also useful for screening new medications. We plan to start testing novel treatments for anorexia nervosa to see if they reverse behavioral problems in our mice.” Building on their discovery of a gene linked to eating disorders in humans, a team of researchers at the University of Iowa has now shown that loss of the gene in mice leads to several behavioral abnormalities that resemble behaviors seen in people with anorexia nervosa.The team, led by Michael Lutter, MD, PhD, assistant professor of psychiatry in the UI Carver College of Medicine, found that mice that lack the estrogen-related receptor alpha (ESRRA) gene are less motivated to seek out high-fat food when they are hungry and have abnormal social interactions. The effect was stronger in female mice, which also showed increased obsessive-compulsive-like behaviors.The study also shows that ESRRA levels are controlled by energy status in the mice. Restricting calorie intake to 60 percent of normal over several days significantly increased levels of ESRRA in the brains of normal mice. Share on Facebook LinkedIn Share Email
Share LinkedIn Share on Twitter Pinterest The deterioration of psychiatric and physical health caused by borderline personality disorder (BPD) rivals that of bipolar disorder, according to Mark Zimmerman, M.D., a researcher at Rhode Island Hospital. His research was published online in the British Journal of Psychiatry.“The level of psychosocial morbidity and suicidality associated with BPD is as great, or greater, than that experienced by patients with bipolar disorder,” said Zimmerman, director of outpatient psychiatry at Rhode Island Hospital and director of the Rhode Island Methods to Improve Diagnostic Assessment and Services (MIDAS) project. “From a public health perspective, improving the detection and treatment of BPD is as imperative as diagnosing and treating bipolar disorders.”The National Institute of Mental Health estimates that 1.6 percent of the U.S. population is diagnosed with BPD, compared with 2.6 percent of those with bipolar disorder. Email This is the largest comparison of patients who have been diagnosed with BPD or bipolar disorder. Persons with BPD have difficulty regulating emotions and thoughts, often teetering at extremes. They engage in impulsive and reckless behavior, and their relationships with other people are rocky. While persons with bipolar disorder experience the same mood for weeks, those with BPD cope with intense bouts of anger, depression and anxiety that are short in duration. According to Zimmerman’s study, clinical experience suggests that BPD is as disabling as bipolar disorders. In psychiatric patient samples, BPD is as frequent as bipolar disorder.Like bipolar patients, persons with BPD are likely to also suffer from depression, anxiety disorders, substance abuse, eating disorders and suicidal behaviors. These co-occurring mental illnesses may have symptoms that overlap with BPD, making it difficult to recognize BPD in patients with these other mental illnesses.“Despite the clinical and public health significance of both of these disorders, it sometimes seems as if BPD lives in the shadow of bipolar disorder,” said Zimmerman. “Bipolar disorder is a widely researched, well-publicized, well-funded topic. By contrast, BPD is seldom discussed and it is not included in the Global Burden of Disease study, a comprehensive registry that quantifies diseases by cost, mortality, geography, risk and other factors.”This study was a component of the MIDAS project, which is an ongoing clinical research study at Rhode Island Hospital involving the integration of research assessment methods into routine clinical practice. Share on Facebook
Share on Facebook Share Pinterest Email LinkedIn Stuttering may be more than a speech problem. For the first time, researchers have found that children who stutter have difficulty perceiving a beat in music-like rhythms, which could account for their halting speech patterns.Michigan State University’s Devin McAuley, co-author of the study, said the findings have implications for treating stuttering, which affects 70 million people worldwide. The study appears online in the journal Brain & Language.“Stuttering has primarily been interpreted as a speech motor difficulty, but this is the first study that shows it’s related to a rhythm perception deficit — in other words, the ability to perceive and keep a beat,” said McAuley, professor of psychology. “That’s important because it identifies potential interventions which might focus on improving beat perception in children who stutter, which then might translate to improved fluency in speech.” Share on Twitter About 70 percent to 80 percent of children ages 3 to 5 who stutter will eventually stop, McAuley said. Yet, despite decades of research, the underlying mechanisms behind speech disruptions in people who stutter remain unclear.Being able to perceive and maintain a beat is believed to be critical for normal speech because it serves as a pacing signal. This is bolstered by past research showing that speech fluency improves dramatically for adults who stutter when speaking in time with a metronome.McAuley and colleagues tested a group of children who stuttered and a group who didn’t by having them listen to and then identify rhythmic drumbeats in the context of a computer game. Even after taking into account the kids’ IQs and language abilities, the study found that children who stuttered did much worse at judging whether two rhythms were the same or different.Many past studies incorporated a motor skills element — such as having participants tap to a beat — which made it impossible to tell whether the problem was rhythm perception or a motor production deficit, McAuley said.The research team is integrating the behavioral data with functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI, to identify which brain networks may be responsible for the rhythm perception deficit.McAuley is working with Soo-Eun Chang, assistant professor of psychiatry at the University of Michigan, who is a stuttering expert and has been conducting neuroimaging studies in children who stutter on the MSU campus since 2009. McAuley and Chang co-authored the study along with MSU researchers Elizabeth Wieland and Laura Dilley.McAuley also works with Juli Wade, professor and chairperson of MSU’s Department of Psychology, to investigate rhythm perceptions in zebra finches to probe the neurobiological source of stuttering.
LinkedIn Share on Facebook Email Share Pinterest The authors found the 12-month prevalence of alcohol use disorder under DSM-5 was 13.9 percent and the lifetime prevalence was 29.1 percent, representing approximately 32.6 million and 68.5 million adults, respectively. Only 19.8 percent of adults with lifetime alcohol use disorder sought treatment or help, while 7.7 percent of those with a 12-month alcohol use disorder sought treatment.Corresponding rates under the previous diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV) in the NESARC-III were 12.7 percent for a 12-month prevalence of alcohol use disorder and 43.6 percent for lifetime prevalence. Those rates were considerably higher than those from the 2001-2002 NESARC when the rates were 8.5 percent and 30.3 percent, respectively. The authors note more research is needed on the reason for the increase and on the discrepancies in rates.Current study results also show that:Prevalence of alcohol use disorder was highest for respondents who were men (17.6 percent 12-month prevalence, 36 percent lifetime prevalence), who were white (14 percent 12-month prevalence, 32.6 percent lifetime prevalence) and who were Native American (19.2 percent 12-month prevalence, 43.4 percent lifetime prevalence)Prevalence was also highest among respondents who were younger (26.7 percent 12-month prevalence, 37 percent lifetime prevalence) and who were previously married (11.4 percent 12-month prevalence, 27.1 percent lifetime prevalence) or never married (25 percent 12-month prevalence, 35.5 percent lifetime prevalence).Alcohol use disorders were associated with other substance use disorders, major depressive and bipolar I disorders, as well as antisocial and borderline personality disorders.“Most importantly, this study highlighted the urgency of educating the public and policy makers about AUD [alcohol use disorder] and its treatments, destigmatizing the disorder and encouraging among those who cannot reduce their alcohol consumption on their own, despite substantial harm to themselves and others, to seek treatment,” the study concludes. Alcohol use disorder as defined by a new diagnostic classification was widespread and often untreated in the United States, with a lifetime prevalence of 29.1 percent but only 19.8 percent of adults were ever treated, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry.Alcohol use disorders are among the most prevalent mental health disorders worldwide, resulting in disability and contributing to illness and death. Because of the seriousness of alcohol use disorders, updated epidemiologic data are needed given the changes to the alcohol use disorder diagnostic criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5). The changes in the diagnostic criteria included the elimination of separate abuse and dependence diagnoses, the combination of the criteria into a single alcohol use disorder diagnosis, the elimination of legal problems, the addition of craving to the criteria set, a diagnostic threshold of at least two criteria, and the establishment of a severity metric based on the criteria count.Researcher Bridget F. Grant, Ph.D., of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Md., and coauthors provide nationally representative information on prevalence, co-existing illnesses, disability and treatment from the NIAAA 2012-2013 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC)-III. The total sample size was 36,309 adults. Researchers also assessed previous diagnostic criteria (DSM-IV) to examine changes in prevalence. Share on Twitter
Share on Twitter Pinterest Share on Facebook LinkedIn Share We’re all familiar with what sociologists call “the traditional family”: a straight, married couple, with a male breadwinner who works long hours to support his family, while the woman stays home, takes care of the domestic work, and rears the children. Feminists have long campaigned against the factors which ensure that this the only option – for both men and women. Now, it appears that male breadwinners aren’t too happy with it either.New research has shown that male breadwinners in high-status jobs, such as managerial roles, are more likely to want to cut back their working hours than other men: even if it involves a drop in their salary.All work and no playHere, we use the term “male breadwinners” to describe men who earn the majority of a straight couple’s income. We were unable to include same sex couples in our analysis, because limitations in the data restricted our ability to do so. Email Using data on about 4,000 men from 12 western European countries, we found that male breadwinners work longer hours than single men, men who are equal earners and men whose female partner is the breadwinner. Of course, this is partly because male breadwinners have a partner who can take care of most of the domestic work, which enables them to stay at work later or start earlier.Male breadwinners are more likely to feel overworked than other men. We found that the extra responsibilities, which come with high-status roles, contribute to these feelings.Our study discovered that around 58% of male breadwinners with children would like to work fewer hours, even if it meant taking a pay cut. A similar proportion of male breadwinners without children (57%) felt the same way. So spending too long at work is not just a concern for fathers who want to have more time with their children. It’s possible that reducing working hours is seen as a step in the process of having a family, which starts even before there are any children.We found that concerns about work-life balance remained significant for those who felt overworked, even when we controlled for many other factors such as whether their firm offered performance pay, and how long they had been employed there.The full storyOf course, part of the story here is that high-status male breadwinners are more comfortable expressing feelings of overwork, because their higher incomes mean they can afford to earn less. Other working men – single men, men who earn the same as their female partner and men whose female partner is the breadwinner – were less likely than male breadwinners to want to work fewer hours. Even so, a high proportion (for example, 40% of equal earning fathers) of these other groups still said they’d like to reduce the time they spent working.It’s understandable that male breadwinners are more keen than most to reduce their time at work. We know that both working long hours, and working longer than desired, are bad for your health and well being. It also means that you can feel that the job is preventing you from participating in family life and that you are too tired after work to enjoy things.It’s also worth noting that male breadwinners do not hold more conservative attitudes to women’s participation in the workforce than other men in Europe. This stands in contrast to the findings of previous research in the USA.Searching for solutionsMany firms tacitly endorse the status quo, by requiring long hours from their employees, without providing any options to reduce working hours for their higher status employees.Some remedies to long working hours have been put forward, such as giving employees more autonomy at work. But many people who are managers, and responsible for other workers, already have the ability to decide on a daily basis how their work is controlled. The paradox is that when you have more control, you actually end up working longer hours. So having more autonomy at work does not necessarily prevent it from interfering with family life.And although many companies pay lip-service to the principle of helping women, particularly mothers, to achieve a good work-life balance, many mothers leave work precisely because they are not given adequate support to continue. So, our findings support the case for businesses to recognise the importance of work-life balance as an issue which affects all of their employees; men and women alike.Shireen Kanji, Senior Lecturer in Work and Organisation, University of LeicesterThis article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.
Email Scientists from Royal Holloway, University of London and UCL have identified how a specific diet can be used to help treat patients with uncontrolled epilepsy.The findings, which reveal how the ketogenic diet acts to block seizures in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy, are published November 25 in the journal Brain.Epilepsy affects over 50 million people worldwide and approximately a third of people diagnosed with epilepsy do not have seizures adequately controlled by current treatments. Share Pinterest Share on Facebook Share on Twitter LinkedIn The research team have identified a specific fatty acid, decanoic acid, provided in the MCT (medium chain triglyceride, a chemical containing three fatty acids) ketogenic diet that has potent anti-epileptic effects. The diet comprises of high levels of fat and low levels of carbohydrate-containing foods.“By examining the fats provided in the diet, we have identified a specific fatty acid that outperforms drugs currently used for controlling seizures, and that may have fewer side effects,” said Professor Robin Williams from the Centre for Biomedical Sciences at the School of Biological Sciences at Royal Holloway.“This discovery will enable us to develop improved formulations that are now likely to significantly improve the treatment of epilepsy. It will offer a whole new approach to the management of epilepsies in children and adults,” added Professor Matthew Walker from UCL’s Institute of Neurology.“Finding that the therapeutic mechanism of the diet is likely to be through the fat, rather than widely accepted by generation of ketones, may enable us to develop improved diets, and suggests we should re-name the diet simply ‘the MCT diet’” said Professor Williams.Professor Walker is supported by the National Institute for Health Research University College London Hospitals Biomedical Research Centre.The research is funded by the National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research (NC3Rs), who support projects with a potential to minimise the use of animals in research, and by Vitaflo international Ltd, who are committed to developing improved treatments for people with drug resistant epilepsy. The project builds on work in which most of the animal use in epilepsy research has been replaced by the simple amoeba to initially screen and identify improved treatments.